Psalm 47 - All ye the peoples, Clap the hand!
I believe this Psalm is about the glorious celbration when all Israel shall be restored to the Lord and united with the church at the end of this age.
- "free singing" is literally 'voice of song". It is a song sung while being beside oneself. see Ps 17:1 note
This psalm is concerning the nations' relationship with God.
- God is King over all the earth, not just Israel (Rom 3:29
- Who is the "us" and "our feet"? This "us" includes the peoples in v1. They are singing this.
Many from among the nations will become part of Israel, and many will not. The peoples and nations mentioned here in this verse are those who do not become part of Israel.
I followed LXX and Leupold to translate the imperfect verb "subdue" as past tense because, as Leupold says, the verb is in the waw-consecutive form without the waw, which would make it reverse its tense.
- The inheritance of Jacob, God's beloved and chosen, has become the inheritance of the peoples who are beside themselves singing in v1.
This is followed by the only selah
in the Psalm. That God chooses our inheritance for us is something we need to ponder and appreciate (Ps 16:5-6 & note
- This is a quote from 2Sam 6:15
, where the Ark of the Covenant was brought up from Obed-Edom the Gittite's house to Jerusalem amid shouting and trumpets.
What does the Ark of the Covenant being returned to Jerusalem have to do with the gentiles rejoicing? Why would the gentiles be singing about this?
Obed-Edom was a Gittite, that is a Philistine gentile, who apparently had become an Israelite proselyte. The name "Obed-Edom" means "slave of Edom", indicating that Obed-Edom had been sold as a slave to Edom, but had escaped to Israel (Deut 23:15-16
) or was freed by Israelite armies (1Sam 14:47
Why was the holy Ark of the Covenant dwelling in the house of a converted gentile? After God killed Uza for touching the Ark to keep it from falling during David's 1st attempt to bring up the Ark, no Israelite would allow the Ark on his property.
The Ark needed a place to stay, but no Israelite would accept it after seeing what had happened to Uza. The only person willing to accept it was Obed-Edom, the Gittite, a Philistine proselyte.
God visibly blessed the family of Obed-Edom during the 3 months that the Ark abode there (2Sam 6:11-12
). This made Israel jealous (Rom 11:11-14
). Why is a gentile getting the blessing from our
Ark of the Covenant?
After David brought the Ark up to Jerusalem, Obed-Edom and his household stayed on as Levites taking care of the Ark (1Chron 15:18-24; 16:5-38; 26:4-15
). How could this be? I think they saw that since he was blessed in taking care of the Ark, he was made a Kohathite by divine inspiration by the High Priest.
Why are the gentile and Jewish Christians singing about this event? I think it is because it is a figure of the future event to come, when the times of the gentiles ends, and God's testimony is returned to Jerusalem from being with gentiles during the times of the gentiles. This will be a wonderful celebration (Rom 11:15
- 4 times "Sing psalms" in 1 verse!
- God is King of all the earth, not just of Israel (Rom 3;29-30
). This verse exhorts Israel to understand this, that God has a plan for the gentiles to be included in God's chosen people (Acts 10:45;11:18
; Eph 3:4-6
We understand a lot of truth by singing it. This psalm is simple, yet profound.
Sing a didactic Psalm. Sound doctrine praises God. Even under the economy of types and ceremonies, it is clear that the Lord had regard to the spirituality of worship, and would be praised thoughtfully, intelligently, and with deep appreciation of the reason for song. - C. H. Spurgeon
- God is mentioned as King and reigning 5 times in this short Psalm (vv2,3,6,7,8).
- "the peoples" are all nations including Israel.
I think "gathered together" refers to the rapture (see note & refs on Ps 50:5
These willing-hearted from among the peoples are the one people of the God of Abraham.
I translated the Hebrew word magan
as "offerers" as in (Prov 4:9; Gen 14:20; Hos 11:8
). The willing-hearted among the nations are those who have offered themselves as a living sacrifice to God (Rom 12:1
The last sentence of this Psalm says literally "he was taken up very high". Most translate it as "God was taken up very high", which would mean that God is lifted up by our praises as in Ps 97:9
, which uses the same Hebrew phrase.
I took the singular pronoun "he" to refer back to "the people of the God of Abraham", who have been raptured. "They've been taken up on high" indicates that God accepted their offering (Rom 15:16
-copyright Steve Miller 6/21/2020
for the overcome
r, through the sons of Korah, a Psalm
All ye, the peoples, clap the
Shout to God with free singing!
For the LORD Most High is fearsome,
o'er all the earth, a great King.
He subdued peoples under us,
and nations under our feet.
He chooses our portion for us,
His belov'd Jacob's glory. <Selah>
God has gone up amid shouting,
the LORD amid trumpet's ring.
Sing psalms of God! Sing psalms! Sing psalms!
Unto our King psalms do
for God is King of all the earth.
Sing psalms with understanding.
God has reigned over the nations.
God sits on His throne holy.
The willing among the peoples
have been gathered together,
the people of the Most High God
of Abraham, our father,
for to God are earth's offerers.
They've been taken up on high.
God has accepted their off'ring,
by the Spirit sanctified.
-copyright Steve Miller 6/21/2020
Romans 3:29 Is God the God of Jews only? is he not of the nations also? Yea, of nations also:
30 since indeed it is one God who shall justify the circumcision on the principle of faith, and uncircumcision by faith.
2Samuel 6:11 And the ark of Jehovah remained in the house of Obed-Edom the Gittite three months; and Jehovah blessed Obed-Edom and all his household.
12 And it was told king David, saying, Jehovah has blessed the house of Obed-Edom, and all that is his, because of the ark of God. And David went and brought up the ark of God from the house of Obed-Edom into the city of David with joy.
2 Samuel 6:15 And David and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of Jehovah with shouting, and with the sound of the trumpet.
1Chronicles 15:18 and with them their brethren of the second rank, Zechariah, Ben, and Jaaziel, and Shemiramoth, and Jehiel, and Unni, Eliab, and Benaiah, and Maaseiah, and Mattithiah, and Elipheleh, and Mikneiah, and Obed-Edom, and Jeiel, the doorkeepers;
19 and the singers, Heman, Asaph, and Ethan, to sound aloud with cymbals of brass;
20 and Zechariah, and Aziel, and Shemiramoth, and Jehiel, and Unni, and Eliab, and Maaseiah, and Benaiah, with lutes on Alamoth;
21 and Mattithiah, and Elipheleh, and Mikneiah, and Obed-Edom and Jeiel, and Azaziah, with harps on the Sheminith to lead the singing.
22 And Chenaniah, chief of the Levites for the music, gave instruction in music, for he was skilful.
23 And Berechiah and Elkanah were doorkeepers for the ark.
24 And Shebaniah, and Jehoshaphat, and Nethaneel, and Amasai, and Zechariah, and Benaiah, and Eliezer, the priests, blew with the trumpets before the ark of God; and Obed-Edom and Jehijah were doorkeepers for the ark.
16:5 Asaph the chief, and second to him Zechariah, Jeiel, and Shemiramoth, and Jehiel, and Mattithiah, and Eliab, and Benaiah and Obed-Edom, and Jeiel, with instruments of lutes and with harps; and Asaph sounding with cymbals;
6 and Benaiah and Jahaziel the priests with trumpets continually, before the ark of the covenant of God.
7 Then on that day David delivered first this psalm to give thanks to Jehovah through Asaph and his brethren.
36 Blessed be Jehovah the God of Israel, from eternity and to eternity! And all the people said, Amen! and praised Jehovah.
37 And he left there, before the ark of the covenant of Jehovah, Asaph and his brethren, to do the service before the ark continually, as every day's duty required;
38 and Obed-Edom, and their brethren, sixty-eight; Obed-Edom also, the son of Jeduthun, and Hosah as doorkeepers.
26:4 -- And the sons of Obed-Edom: Shemaiah the firstborn, Jehozabad the second, Joah the third, and Sacar the fourth, and Nethaneel the fifth,
5 Ammiel the sixth, Issachar the seventh, Peulthai the eighth: for God had blessed him.
6 And to Shemaiah his son were sons born, who were rulers in their father's house; for they were mighty men of valor.
7 The sons of Shemaiah: Othni, and Rephael, and Obed, and Elzabad, whose brethren were valiant men, Elihu and Semachiah.
8 All these were of the sons of Obed-Edom: they and their sons and their brethren, able men in strength for the service, were sixty-two of Obed-Edom.
9 -- And Meshelemiah had sons and brethren, men of valour, eighteen.
10 -- And Hosah, of the sons of Merari, had sons: Shimri the head, for though he was not the firstborn, yet his father made him the head;
11 Hilkijah the second, Tebaliah the third, Zechariah the fourth: all the sons and brethren of Hosah were thirteen.
12 Among these were the divisions of the doorkeepers, among the head-men, as to the charges together with their brethren, for performing the service in the house of Jehovah.
13 And they cast lots, the small as well as the great, according to their fathers' houses, for every gate.
14 And the lot eastward fell to Shelemiah; and they cast lots for Zechariah his son, a wise counselor, and his lot came out northward;
15 to Obed-Edom southward; and to his sons the storehouse.
Deuteronomy 23:15 Thou shalt not hand over to his master a bondman that hath escaped from his master unto thee:
16 he shall dwell with thee, even in thy midst, in the place that he shall choose in one of thy gates, where it seems good to him; thou shalt not oppress him.
1Samuel 14:47 And Saul took the kingdom over Israel, and fought against all his enemies round about, against Moab, and against the children of Ammon, and against Edom, and against the kings of Zobah, and against the Philistines; and whithersoever he turned himself, he discomfited them.
Acts 10:45 And the faithful of the circumcision were astonished, as many as came with Peter, that upon the nations also the gift of the Holy Spirit was poured out:
11:18 And when they heard these things they held their peace, and glorified God, saying, Then indeed God has to the nations also granted repentance to life.
Ephesians 3:4 by which, in reading it, ye can understand my intelligence in the mystery of the Christ,
5 which in other generations has not been made known to the sons of men, as it has now been revealed to his holy apostles and prophets in the power of the Spirit,
6 that they who are of the nations should be joint heirs, and a joint body, and joint partakers of his promise in Christ Jesus by the glad tidings;
7 of which I am become minister according to the gift of the grace of God given to me, according to the working of his power.
Romans 11:11 So I ask, did they stumble in order that they might fall? By no means! Rather, through their trespass salvation has come to the Gentiles, so as to make Israel jealous.
12 Now if their trespass means riches for the world, and if their failure means riches for the Gentiles, how much more will their full inclusion mean!
13 Now I am speaking to you Gentiles. Inasmuch then as I am an apostle to the Gentiles, I magnify my ministry
14 in order somehow to make my fellow Jews jealous, and thus save some of them.
15 For if their rejection means the reconciliation of the world, what will their acceptance mean but life from the dead?
Romans 12:1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the compassions of God, to present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your intelligent service.
Romans 15:16 for me to be minister of Christ Jesus to the nations, carrying on as a sacrificial service the message of glad tidings of God, in order that the offering up of the nations might be acceptable, sanctified by the Holy Spirit.
Proverbs 4:9 She shall give to thy head a garland of grace; a crown of glory will she bestow upon thee.
Genesis 14:20 And blessed be the Most High *God, who has delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him the tenth of all.
Hosea 11:8 How shall I give thee over, Ephraim? how shall I deliver thee up, Israel? how shall I make thee as Admah? how shall I set thee as Zeboim? My heart is turned within me, my repentings are kindled together.
Psalm 97:9 For thou, Jehovah, art the Most High above all the earth; thou art exalted exceedingly above all gods.