Psalm 104 - Bless the Lord for Wisdom in His creation
This enjoyable psalm covers:
2. The earth changed by the flood (vv 5-9
3. The economy of water dependent on God (vv 10-13
4. The economy of food dependent on God (vv 14-15
5. The economy of dwelling places provided by God (vv 16-18
6. The economy of sunlight and darkness (vv 19-24
8. Summary: All dependent upon and cared for by God (vv 27-30
9. Praise the Lord as long as I live (vv 31-34
10. Prayer for God to clean up the earth (v35
Whether you look at the heavens, the mountains, the streams and rivers, the creatures or the ocean, everything created by God is beautiful and testifies that there is one Creator who is marvelous!
- LXX, DSS and Aquila have heading: "Through David". MT has no heading.
Quoted in Hebrews 1:7 (AV) And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire.
The angels are nothing to be compared to God or Christ. In Christ, we share Christ's place as God's begotten sons, a place much higher than the angels.
- "fore'er" is literally "forever and ever"
- Does this refer to the flood in Gen 1:2,9-10
, when the earth was covered with water, or does it refer to Noah's flood? Almost every expositor that I have checked (Spurgeon, Leupold, Goldingay, Rashi, Barnes, Keil & Delitzsch, etc.) refers this to Gen 1, yet they give no reason. Jamieson Fausset Brown is the only one I have found to refer this to Noah's flood.
Surely this refers to Noah's flood because v9
says that the oceans would never flood the earth again. This is what God promised at Noah's flood (Gen 9:11
), but not in Gen 1, because the oceans did flood the earth again after Gen 1. "Waters stood above the mountains" corresponds to Noah's flood also (Gen 7:20; 8:5
), but not to the waters in Gen 1.
It seems odd to speak about Noah's flood when talking about the beauty of God's creation. However, whenever I see natural wonders such as Yosemite, the Petrified Forest, the Grand Canyon or Niagara Falls, I think about Noah's flood and how it caused these wonders.
- After Noah's flood, the waters hasted away. The speed with which they retreated carved the great and beautiful canyons.
- After Noah's flood, the mountains rose much
higher, and the ocean beds sunk much deeper.
- Before Noah's flood God had a different system for watering the earth (Gen 2:5-6
). After the flood, God ordained the higher mountains to condense the water vapor.
- "go away" is literally "gather together".
- I think this refers to the whole creation passing and a new creation created by God, because God sends forth His Spirit to create.
- This psalm of how wonderful is God's creation tells us at the end that this creation will be destroyed (Heb 1:10-12
). We should not set our hearts on it. We are sojourners here awaiting the kingdom of God.
- the ending "HIm" is literally "the LORD".
- David's concluding and only prayer in this wonderful psalm is for the sinners and wicked to be no more. That is what is marring this beautiful earth.
I believe that very few wicked will be punished forever and ever as in Rev 14:11; 20:10
All will be rewarded according to their works and then "be no more".
If the wicked will all be punished eternally, then David should have prayed that.
-copyright Steve Miller 7/9/2011
Psalm 104 through David
the LORD, O ye
LORD my God, thou art so great.
You have clothed Yourself with honor
and with majesty and praise.
2 Clothed with light as with a garment,
Who stretches, stretches out the heavens
like a curtain over the earth,
o'er all the earth like a tent.
3 Who lays the beams of his chambers
in the waters in heaven,
Who maketh the clouds His chariot,
Who walks on wings of the wind.
Who maketh His angels spirits;
His servants, they are
a flaming fire;
Who has laid the earth's foundations,
that it won't be moved fore'er.
You covered the earth with water
as a garment with the deep.
Waters stood above the mountains.
At Thy rebuke they did flee.
From the voice of Your thundering
they made haste, hasted to flee away.
Mountains rose, and the valleys sank
to where You ordained their place.
9 You set a bound they'll not pass o'er
ne'er to flood the earth again.
He sends springs into the valleys.
They go between the mountains.
11 They give drink to every creature.
The wild donkeys here do quench their thirst.
12 Near them shall the fowls of heaven
build their nests in the forest,
which sing from among the branches.
13 Hills watered from His chambers.
The earth is satisfied with them,
with the fruits of Your labor.
14 He makes grass to grow for cattle,
and the herb for the service of man
to bring forth food out of the earth.
15 Wine makes glad the heart of man.
Oil to make the face to shine forth,
Bread makes strong the heart of man.
16 The trees of the LORD do flourish,
the cedars of Lebanon,
the cedars which He has planted
17 where the birds are building up their nests.
Stork makes house among the fir trees.
18 High hills are for the wild goats.
Rocks are refuge for the badgers.
19 He set the moon to tell times.
The sun knows his route to go down.
20 You make darkness, and it's night,
wherein all wild beasts creep around,
21 young lions roaring after their prey,
and they seek their food from the God.
At sunrise they go away,
and they lay them down in their dens.
23 Man goes forth unto his work,
to his labour until evening.
24 LORD, how manifold thy works!
In wisdom hast Thou made them all:
Earth is full, so full of Thy riches.
25 So is this sea great and spacious,
teeming with creatures countless,
living creatures, small with the great.
26 There the ships are traveling.
There is that great leviathan,
whom You formed to play therein.
27 These are all waiting upon Thee
that their food, their food You may give them,
which You give them in due season.
28 You give and they gather them.
You open Your hand upon them.
Satisfied with good are they.
You hide Your face, they are troubled.
Their breath Thou takest away,
they die, and return to their dust.
Thou sendest, sendest
forth Thy Spirit.
They're created, and You make new
the surface of all the earth.
31 The Lord's glory, it shall endure,
endure evermore for'ere.
The LORD shall rejoice in His works.
He looks and trembles the earth.
He touches the hills, and they smoke.
33 Unto the LORD, to Him I will sing
for as long as I am living.
Psalms to my God I will sing.
as long as I have my being.
unto Him shall be a pleasure,
and I will be glad in Him.
Let the sinners be all
out of the earth, gone forevermore,
and let the wicked be no more.
O my soul, bless thou the LORD.
Gen 1:2 And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
9 And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.
10 And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and God saw that it was good.
Gen 2:5 No shrub of the field had yet /grown/ on the land, and no plant of the field had yet sprouted, for the LORD God had not made it rain on the land, and there was no man to work the ground.
6 But water would come out of the ground and water the entire surface of the land.
Gen 9:8 And God spake unto Noah, and to his sons with him, saying,
9 And I, behold, I establish my covenant with you, and with your seed after you;
10 And with every living creature that is with you, of the fowl, of the cattle, and of every beast of the earth with you; from all that go out of the ark, to every beast of the earth.
11 And I will establish my covenant with you; neither shall all flesh be cut off any more by the waters of a flood; neither shall there any more be a flood to destroy the earth.
12 And God said, This is the token of the covenant which I make between me and you and every living creature that is with you, for perpetual generations:
13 I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth.
14 And it shall come to pass, when I bring a cloud over the earth, that the bow shall be seen in the cloud:
15 And I will remember my covenant, which is between me and you and every living creature of all flesh; and the waters shall no more become a flood to destroy all flesh.
16 And the bow shall be in the cloud; and I will look upon it, that I may remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is upon the earth.
17 And God said unto Noah, This is the token of the covenant, which I have established between me and all flesh that is upon the earth.
Ge 7:20 Fifteen cubits upward did the waters prevail; and the mountains were covered.
8:5 And the waters decreased continually until the tenth month: in the tenth month, on the first day of the month, were the tops of the mountains seen.
Heb 1:10 And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands:
11 They shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment;
12 And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail.
Revelation 14:11 And the smoke of their torment goes up to ages of ages, and they have no respite day and night who do homage to the beast and to its image, and if any one receive the mark of its name.
20:10 And the devil who deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where are both the beast and the false prophet; and they shall be tormented day and night for the ages of ages.
Psa 37:10 For yet a little while, and the wicked is not; and thou considerest his place, but he is not.
38 but the transgressors shall be destroyed together; the future of the wicked shall be cut off.
59:13 Make an end in wrath, make an end, that they may be no more; that they may know that God ruleth in Jacob, unto the ends of the earth. Selah.
68:2 As smoke is driven, thou wilt drive them away; as wax melteth before the fire, the wicked shall perish at the presence of God.
73:27 For behold, they that are far from thee shall perish; thou destroyest every one that goeth a whoring from thee.
-copyright Steve Miller 7/9/2011